Adventures in Pre-History was the title of a home school workshop we attended last week at Segedunum Roman Fort where the captivating education team explained how people lived in the Stone Age using a time-line activity, willow weaving, face painting with woad, costume and clay pot making.

Outdoors we were shown some fascinating ways to survive in the wild – techniques our ancestors used as they moved from hunter-gathering to farming. These easy to do family activities are great to try at home or in the woods.

Plough With Antlers

An ingenious way to speed up the seed-planting process which enabled stone age people to plant more food in less time.

Look out for naturally shed antlers when walking in the wild during spring, as deer shed theirs annually, usually by April.

This little Roe Deer antler I found in the Cotswolds wouldn’t work quite as well as the larger Red deer antlers we used.

Build a Tipi Shelter

Bamboo canes replaced the branches that would have been used in the past.

They are tied together with leather straps, ivy or the inner stems of stinging nettles – don’t try this without thick gloves on!

For strength the straps are wound between each stick rather than being wrapped around the whole bunch together.

How To Make Your Own Butter At Home

Easier than you’d think with a strong arm for shaking!

  • Quarter-fill a plastic tupperware (not very stone age – they’d have used wooden bowls and twig whisks) with full fat cream
  • Shake until you can no longer hear the cream slopping around
  • Shake some more until it separates and you can once again hear liquid moving

The cream is now gone and you are left with buttermilk liquid and a ball of buttery fat!

In days gone creamy milk would be used to make butter but our modern homogenized milk isn’t fatty enough hence using cream.

Butter churning was never so much fun!

three-children-laughing-with-plastic-pot

two-children-doing-jumping-jack-star-jumps

close-up-child-hands-with-pot-of-homemade-butter

childrens-hands-with-seeds-on-stone-and-butter-in-pot

Start a Fire With Friction

None of us managed a flame but there was a distinct smell of hot smoke and a few glowing embers here and there!

Making a daily fire in this way would certainly have kept our ancestors fit.

The stick is flattened on one side to provide better friction when being rubbed vigorously over the groove on the base wood.

girl-with-two-sticks-trying-to-make-fire

Grind Flour with Stones

This is harder than it looks for small hands and arms – our wild kids quickly learnt not to simply smash the stones down as all the seeds were bashed away.

Smooth stones proved best for grinding the spelt seeds we used.

White flour is made by removing all the bits of crushed husk. Wholemeal comes from leaving it all in.

Bake Bread

The homemade flour was mixed with a little water and heated to make bread, literally in the hot ashes of the fire – the burnt crusts were never eaten by our ancestors.

I know a lot of smalls who would prefer this kind of crustless stone age bread every day!

three-children-grinding-seed-using-stones

Let me know if you have any simple and easy stone age activities we could add to the list.

For more home school activities the home school posts in my education section.