You might never have heard of a rip current or rip tide but everyone who uses the beach should know how to identify, escape & survive a rip current, especially families.
If you love beach holidays, spending time at the coast or doing water sports this rip tide survival guide is a must-read for all families, beach lovers, watersports enthusiasts, surfers and wild swimmers and might just be the most important thing you ever read.
This is the second article in my things to do at the beach series, full of life-saving advice on how to safely escape a rip current along with details on how to identify one plus a really handy printable (below) to laminate and keep with your wetsuits!
What Is a Rip Tide?
Rip tides (also known as a rip currents or undertow) are a serious coastal hazard for watersports enthusiasts, swimmers and surfers.
The rip current is an area of sea usually without wave activity where a ‘hidden’ current (undertow) is returning the water brought in by waves back out to sea. They can sometimes look choppy, milky or turbulent but are usually darker, calm channels between white water.
How To Identify a Rip Current
Contrary to what you might think, the calmer, darker water between white waves is NOT SAFE, these are the rip currents. I’ll repeat this a lot, it’s really important to remember!
Rips flow at 1-2 mph but can get up to 4-5 mph (faster than an Olympic swimmer!)
They are not easy to identify so the best UK advice is to use lifeguarded beaches and stay between the flags.
On non-patrolled beaches, a knowledge of where and how rip currents occur could be useful so I’m including this information but unless you are an expert, DON’T GUESS, it is safest not to swim or surf without lifeguards.
Take a few minutes on arrival at the beach to check out surf conditions.
Identify potential rip current areas and adjust your activities accordingly.
Purple dye in the photo below shows the usual direction of rip movement away from the beach.
The Best Rip Tide Escape Advice
Make sure all the family reads this post including the children so EVERYONE knows what to do if they get caught in a rip. It may save a life.
If you spot someone being dragged out to sea in a current dial 999 and ask for the Coastguard.
If you are caught in a rip current take these steps to escape and survive: –
– Number 1 tip, try to stay calm. Most rips don’t go very far out to sea so save energy and don’t fight or swim against it.
– Can you touch the bottom? In a panic you may forget to check. If you can safely stand up try wading while waving your arms to signal distress. If not then..
– This saves energy for the swim back to shore once the rip spits you out. You will also be able to raise an arm to signal for help when floating.
– If you have the energy, swim at a right angle to the rip flow to try to clear it (see arrows in the above infographic). If you are exhausted, revert to floating to conserve energy.
– The rip should eventually spit you out and you can then swim in a wide loop, diagonally away from the current, back towards the shore. If you don’t have the energy, remain floating, continue signalling and await rescue.
Hopefully this will never happen to you or your family but should the worst ever happen you now know what to do.
Don’t forget to print and laminate your rip current survival guide to keep with your beach kit.
For more beach safety advice read my ultimate beach safety guide covering how to: –
- Call the coastguard
- Choose lifeguarded beaches
- Recognise beach safety flags
- Understand water shock
- Check tide times
- Check the weather
- Safely use inflatables
- Escape quicksand or mud
- Treat a jellyfish sting
- Look after your dog
Happy holidays and be safe in the sea!